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THE CORKSCREWS IN EUROPE

French

Tire-bouchon

English

Corkscrew

German

Korkenzieher

Italian

Cavatappi

Spanish

Sacacorchos

Netherlander

Kurkentrekker

Dane

Proptrækker

FEW TERMS FREQUENTLY USED

Archimedean worm

Bladed spiral thread on a central core

Barscrew

Corkscrews that are designed to be fixed to a wall or to a bar

Bell

Cylindrical casing around the shaft. The bottom or neck ring of the barrel is usually shaped to a cone

Bell cap

A small cap fixed or loosely fitted on the shaft of American self pullers

Bladed worm

See puller

Bow

A rounded metal handle on a worm, it is a the pocket folding variety and also sometimes known as a harp

Bronzed

Lacquer finish n steel

Brush

Set in one end of a corkscrew handle, and usually of hog bristle, the brush was used to clear away debris from around the neck of a bottle.

Buttom

Circular plate just above the worm on a Henshall corkscrew

Clough’s

Bent wire corkscrew

Collapsing

Corkscrew with four pieces which are connected at the ends forming a toggle-joint with gears. Carl Hollweg was granted US patent 447 185

Combination

Corkscrew with a tool or a design having one or more secondary functions

Compound lever

See concertina

Concertina

Corkscrew with double series of levers forming parallelograms of different sizes.

Cyphered worm

Helix with a planed or partially sharpened edge

Double action

See telescope

Double lever

Corkscrew witch has two lever arms

D.R.G.M.

German Empire Registred Design

Easers

Corkscrew that are designed to ease the adhesion of the cork before pulling it out with a direct pull

Eyebrow

Corkscrew with curved handle, shaped rather like a pair of raised eyebrows

Figural

Corkscrew in which the whole item, or a significant part of it, represents a tangible object

Finger pull

See eyebrow

Flynut

Corkscrew nut of the type the housewife in the shape of propeller

Fluted worm

Worm with drooves

French cancan

See ladies legs

Full worm

Sharpened and bladed worm, usually obtained by turning a steel rod with a central core

Frame

Cylindrical casing around the shaft. The bottom or neck ring of the barrel is usually shaped to a taper or cone

Helix or helical worm

Worm made from a suitable wire that is shaped around a cylindrical mandrel in such a way that it has a hollow, open core on its long axis

King's Screw

Rack and pinion corkscrew that consists of an inner threaded shaft to penetrate the worm into the cork and a rack and pinion to elevate the cork

Ladies legs

Corkscrew shapely legs with striped stockings and smart buttoned boots protect the worm until it's time to use it. The Lady's Legs corkscrew comes in several different sizes and stocking color combinations.

Lazy tong

The "lazy tong" mechanism is designed to make extracting a cork much easier.

Left-hand screw

Screw which turnes to the left (counter-clockwise)

Levers

Corkscrew that have a mechanical action through the use of a simple lever and fulcrum

Lifting Jack

Rack and pinion corkscrews with an inner plain penetrating rod

London Rack

Lund's tradename for his rack and pinion corkscrew

Mechanical

Corkscrew which have a mechanical feature using a thread, ratchet or rack and pinion action

M. & M. Dep

Trade mark and model protected in France

Nifty

See waiter's friend

Open frame

A frame consisting of a neck ring at the lower end and a shoulder at the upper end, connected by two vertical supports or rods

Ornate frame

Patent

A protection by law for a new invention and its technical specifications

Peg & Finger pull

Pocket corkscrew, the peg is inserted into the worm when not in use

Pitch

Distance between two consecutive threads of worm

Puller

Corkscrew thread that is broads forming an edge

Revolving frame

A frame hinged to the shoulder able to rotate upward to free the cork

Roundlets

Small barrel corkscrew

Self puller

American popular corkscrew with a bell cap on the shaft Charles Chinnock

Shaft

Vertical metal part of the corkscrew, which connects worm to handle.

Shank

See shaft

Sheath

Rigid case, usually cylindrical, used to protect the pocket corkscrew worm

Speed worm

Full worm with a steep pitch

Spike

For breaking wires, strings, ice and sealing wax or cutting into tin or modern plastic capsules

Split barrel

Two-piece barrel which hinges open to permit removal of the cork from the worm after extraction

Spring barrel

A barrel made from a coiled spring

Stem

See shaft

Taps

Tool which allowed small quantities of the drink to be drawn from the bottle without uncorking it

Telescope

Type of corkscrew that both pierces and extracts a cork in one action by turning the handle in one direction only

Waiter's friend

Corkscrew who combines all the tools of a knife for foil cutting, a corkscrew and a bottle opener.

Walker collar

Walker bell corkscrew, his bell to include a cap lifter

Waller pattern

Small cap with wirebraker and cap lifter

Wire worm

Worm made from a suitable wire that is shaped around a cylindrical mandrel in such a way that it has a hollow, open core on its long axis

The glossary is not exhaustive, it will progressively be supplemented development of this site. Do not hesitate to send your remarks and of the narrower terms their definitions to the following address:

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